Design Process and Integration
(Looking before you leap)
During this initial phase, specific project information is assembled in order to begin the design process, which includes the following:
– Developing a program with a suitable list of project objectives.
– Determining a project budget.
– Obtaining a site survey, which includes working with an outside consultant.
– Obtaining septic analysis and design, which includes working with an outside consultant.
– Investigating all zoning regulations.
– Analyzing the site’s advantages and its limitations.
– Measuring and drawing all existing buildings as base drawings in order to determine any renovations and/or additions.
– Providing bubble diagrams of the spatial concepts related to the site and the owner’s program requirements.
(Putting thoughts on paper)
This phase of the process involves conceptualizing a preliminary design based upon the client’s ideas and input. Abstract concepts are developed, tested, and redeveloped with the intention of creating information for the subsequent phases of the design process. A preliminary design is presented to the client who may suggest additional modifications.
The design is reviewed. Further adjustments and changes are made. During this time, the layout, form, and overall appearance of the building and its site are determined. Sketches, drawings, study models, computer-aided design (CAD), and 3-D architectural designs are prepared to help in evaluating all ideas and concepts. These tools set the final direction for refining the building’s design.
This phase parallels the conceptual design phase as a level of detail is critical in determining the construction, maintenance, and eventual disassembly of the building.
Once the size, layout, and character of the project and site are refined, the design of feature elements such as staircases, cabinetry, fireplaces, and built-in furniture begin. Drawings or CAD presentations are created to describe important technical details. Plans, elevations, and sections through the building are developed. Architectural details are combined to formulate shape and enclosure with connecting lines placed between them or materials arranged according to the production information. This strategic placement collectively determines the specific shape and characteristics of the building.
(Finalizing the design)
Construction documents are the comprehensive drawings that provide sequential data pertaining to each step of the overall construction process. These drawings provide relevant information about the construction process to the design team (the builders, contractors, etc.). The design drawings are scrutinized and presented to the client for input. Additional suggestions and/or adjustments are incorporated before the design is finalized. The final design is then communicated to all involved in the construction and development of the building. Once accepted, the design is then implemented and construction begins.
(Arriving at a contract for construction)
If the project is to be bid, competitive bids are solicited from a number of contractors after the construction documents are finished. The client has the option of accepting one of the bids as given, rejecting all bids or negotiating a modified bid with one of the bidders. Clients are not obligated to accept any of the bids. The client may choose to select a single builder and negotiate an agreement with him directly.
(Executing the plan)
Throughout the course of construction Michael Rust and the client visits the site to oversee the progress of construction and to observe whether or not the contractor’s execution of the design follows the intentions. This phase includes answering any questions, communicating with the client and the contractor, and negotiating between all three to make minor changes and/or adjustments in order to complete the project. Michael Rust will review requests for payment by the contractor while overseeing the progress of building construction.